The human brain can recover from damage – if the damage was not too severe. When the brain is damaged, brain cells die, affecting the bodily functions those cells govern. The damage can range from mild to severe, and the chances of recovering may also range as well. If you’re wondering if it’s possible for brain damage to be fixed, the simplest answer is that it depends.
How Damage Affects the Brain
Although protected by the skull and three layers of membrane, brain tissue is soft, fragile, and susceptible to injury. Damage to the body or brain functioning results when the brain is compressed, stretched, shaken, or moved inside the skull, or if the skull is fractured or penetrated.
Brain damage from a skull fracture may involve bone fragments being pushed into the brain. Severe shaking or a fall may cause the brain to bang against the hard skull, and there may be bruising or bleeding in the tissue. When an injured brain swells with fluid, the skull keeps it from expanding and the pressure that builds up prevents blood from properly nourishing brain tissue, causing further injury.
Symptoms of Brain Damage
Symptoms from brain injuries vary, depending on the area, type, and severity of the damage. Symptoms may appear immediately after an injury or not until days or weeks later. While primary damage cannot be reversed, treatments can help prevent or reduce secondary damage.
Brain damage may be classified as mild, moderate, and severe.
- Mild – A mild brain injury may cause symptoms such as headaches, nausea, confusion, and memory problems.
- Moderate – In a moderate brain injury, symptoms will last longer and be more severe. There may be changes in thinking skills and processing thoughts, as well as communications problems and changes in behavior and emotions.
- Severe – A severe brain injury may result in extremely debilitating cognitive, behavioral, and physical disabilities. If the injury results in unconsciousness or a coma, vegetative state, or minimally responsive state, the individual may be unable to function and permanently dependent on others for care. There may be brain death, an irreversible condition with no measurable activity in the brain and the brainstem.
Many people with significant brain injury will experience changes in their thinking skills, difficulty focusing, and processing thoughts. They may lose consciousness, become confused, or suffer from headaches or dizziness. They may have trouble with language and communication, impaired logic and sequencing, controlling body movements, or vision and hearing. They may become agitated and show changes in behavior and emotions. These symptoms can be disturbing and create problems for the individual, family members, and those providing care.
Fixing Brain Damage
Whether brain damage can be fixed depends on the extent of brain tissue that was damaged, and to what degree. This can be estimated through the amount of time consciousness was lost, the depth of coma, the level of amnesia (memory loss), and brain scans.
The brain can recover from minor injuries remarkably well, and most people with mild brain injury do not have a permanent disability. However, a severe brain injury with extensive damage usually results in permanent, irreversible damage.
Recovery from a moderate injury varies, and some people can recover partially. Damaged neurons cannot grow back, but the connections between neurons can, and the brain can create new pathways through therapy and training. This may allow other areas of the brain to take over and allow relearning of functions.
Legal Help for Nursing Home Brain Damage
Patients in nursing homes can suffer brain damage when neglected or abused. If this happens to you or a family member, you may be entitled to compensation through a nursing home lawsuit. In addition, by bringing a lawsuit, you may be able to stop the abusive staff from hurting others.
The team of lawyers at Pintas & Mullins Law Firm is here to help brain-damaged patients and their families. We will examine the facts of your individual situation, investigate the abuse, interview witnesses and examine records, determine who is responsible, and bring an end to the abuse situation. We will seek compensation for your monetary losses such as medical and rehabilitative costs and non-economic awards, such as pain and suffering.
The Pintas & Mullins Law Firm works on a contingency basis and only takes its fees from a settlement we win for you.