Many patients who have a brain bleed are able to survive the injury. However, the chances of surviving a brain bleed depend on the location and size of the bleed.
There are four different types of brain bleeds that vary according to the location of the bleeding. According to Medical News Today, they include:
- Intracerebral hemorrhage: This is when there is bleeding within the brain tissue itself.
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage: This type of brain bleed occurs when there is bleeding in the space between your brain and the membranes the cover it.
- Subdural hemorrhage: This occurs when a blood vessel bursts near the surface of the brain.
- Epidural hemorrhage: This occurs when bleeding occurs between the brain and skull.
While people can recover from a brain bleed, it is important that they receive treatment as quickly as possible to increase their chances of surviving a brain bleed.
Common Causes of Brain Bleeds
Medical News Today reports that there are a number of circumstances that can lead to a brain bleed, including:
- Head trauma
- Extremely high blood pressure
- Brain tumor
- Liver disease
- Brain artery with a weakened bulge
- Blood vessel anomalies
Brain bleeds are most likely to occur in older adults. Even mild head trauma can cause a brain bleed in an older adult, especially if they are taking an antiplatelet drug like aspirin or an anticoagulant.
Older adults are generally more susceptible to falling as well, and one out of five falls causes a serious injury like a broken bone or head injury, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC also reports that falls are the most common causes of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs).
Symptoms of a Brain Bleed
Medical News Today states that a brain bleed can cause a number of different symptoms, including:
- Weakness, tingling, or even paralysis of the face, leg, or arm, usually to just one side.
- Severe headache.
- Loss of balance or coordination.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Difficulty understanding or
- Slurred speech and difficulty talking.
- Problems with eyesight.
These initial symptoms generally develop as the pressure placed on your brain increases. As more blood fills the space between the brain and skull or the brain, itself, other symptoms may present themselves, including:
A brain bleed is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. Unfortunately, because the bleeding occurs inside the brain, or in the space between the brain and skull, it can go undiagnosed, especially if a person’s caregivers are inattentive or negligent. It is important to receive medical attention after hitting your head, particularly if you:
- Have a persistent headache.
- Lose consciousness.
- Experience any of the initial symptoms listed above, such as loss of balance, blurred vision, or unusual weakness.
Treatment for Brain Bleeds
Medical News Today reports that depending on the severity of a brain bleed, surgery may be necessary to relieve the pressure on the brain. If the patient experienced a burst cerebral aneurysm, the surgeon may perform a procedure called a craniotomy. During this procedure, the physician removes part of the skull to clip the artery.
Other treatments can be provided to control symptoms like headaches and seizures, such as anti-epileptic or anti-anxiety drugs. Patients may also need rehabilitation, such as speech therapy, occupational therapy, or physical therapy, to adjust to life after a brain bleed.
Preventing Brain Bleeds
There are steps that people can take to reduce the likelihood of a traumatic brain injury or other cerebrovascular events. Older adults can take precautions to reduce the likelihood of falling, including visiting a doctor to check their eyesight and ensuring their environment is safe and free from things that they could trip over. They should also have bars next to the toilet and inside the tub as well as plenty of lighting.
Elderly adults should also be on a healthy diet to improve brain and heart health and stay active as much as possible to lower the risk of a stroke.
Reach Out to Pintas & Mullins Law Firm Today
If someone you love has experienced a brain bleed or died as a result of their condition while living in a long-term care facility, you may be entitled to compensation if their injury was caused by the neglect or abuse of the staff. If you suspect that your loved one’s nursing home staff is liable for their injuries, contact Pintas & Mullins Law Firm today at (800) 794-0444 for a no-cost evaluation of your claim.
Our firm works on a contingency fee basis, which means you pay nothing upfront or out of pocket. We take our fee from the settlement later if we win awards for you. That means you have nothing to lose. Give us a call today to find out what your options are for holding the liable parties responsible.