Most people with a brain bleed, clinically referred to as a hemorrhagic stroke, survive the condition; however, they might require long-term therapy to regain the ability to walk, talk, and complete other everyday tasks.
According to Harvard Health, 30% to 60% of patients live with a brain bleed. However, additional circumstances and the cause of the brain bleed can affect their survival. For example, premature infants or elderly adults with other medical problems may not survive. According to a study published in the Journal of Stroke, patients suffering from an intracerebral hemorrhage, a severe type of stroke, have a fatality rate of 40% at one month and 54% at one year.
In elderly adults, brain bleeds can result in a decline in mental capabilities, coma, and even death. Brain hemorrhages require immediate medical care to diagnose and treat.
Causes of Brain Bleeds
Brain bleeding disrupts the functions of the brain. Brain bleeds can happen in the brain, in the membranes around the brain, or between the membrane and the skull. The increase in fluid and swelling can create more pressure on the brain, resulting in additional damage.
Most brain bleeds cause symptoms that can be noticed, except microbleeds. As reported in the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, microbleeds may go undetected due to other medical issues, such as dementia, which makes symptoms difficult to detect.
Common causes of a brain hemorrhage may include:
- Blows to the head.
- High blood pressure.
- Liver disease.
- Brain tumor.
Brain bleeding occurs more often in patients who suffer from risk factors such as increased alcohol consumption, smoking, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and the use of certain medications. If you suspect in the slightest that your loved one has a brain bleed, seek medical help immediately.
Understanding the Symptoms of a Brain Hemorrhage
The symptoms of a brain bleed can vary greatly from patient to patient. The severity and location of the bleed can also affect its signs and symptoms. According to Cleveland Clinic, typical symptoms of a brain bleed include:
- Unexpected numbness or tingling sensations on one side.
- A sense of paralysis in an arm or leg.
- Intense headache.
- Difficulty with balance and walking.
- Difficulty with fine motor skills in the face, like focusing eyesight.
- Difficulty communicating.
- Falling in and out of sleep.
If you witness such symptoms and suspect your loved one has bleeding in the brain, call 911 and seek medical care immediately.
Treatment Options for a Brain Bleed
The diagnosis of a brain bleed usually starts with a general evaluation. Then a CT scan of the brain verifies the existence of a brain bleed, Finally, an MRI locates the bleed. Depending on the circumstances, a doctor may also order an EKG, blood studies, or a spinal tap.
Treatment options after a brain bleed will be different according to the patient’s health, the location of the bleed, and whether the bleeding stops on its own. According to Cleveland Clinic, immediate treatment options for brain bleeds include:
- Surgery to remove a portion of the skull and allow the swelling brain to expand without causing damage.
- Surgery to clip an aneurysm.
- Medication to control anxiety or blood pressure.
- Seizure medication.
- Pain killers.
- Delivery of nutrients and fluids as necessary.
Long term treatment options include physical, occupational, and speech therapy to recover as much function as possible. A doctor may also suggest lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of another brain bleed.
Contact a Nursing Home Abuse and Neglect Attorney Today
When you choose a nursing home for a loved one, you expect they will receive loving care and attention. Sometimes, however, that does not occur. Understaffing, poorly trained staff, and even abuse can leave loved ones at risk for a wide range of serious medical conditions, including brain bleeds.
Brain bleeds can happen due to many reasons, but when they occur due to nursing home negligence or abuse, you can recover the cost of medical treatment and other awards from the at-fault party. At Pintas & Mullins Law Firm, we understand your concern and frustration when you suspect nursing home abuse or neglect lead to your loved one’s brain bleed. Our team of nursing home abuse lawyers can help you seek the compensation you deserve for a brain bleed caused by a caretaker’s negligence.
You may qualify to recover the cost of medical care, long-term therapy, and pain and suffering. We can help no matter how complicated your case may be.