A brain tumor is a mass of abnormal cell growth. There are many different types of brain tumors, each with their own symptoms, treatments, and associated risk factors. According to Mayo Clinic, tumors can be either cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). Primary brain tumors begin in the brain, while secondary, or metastatic, tumors are caused when cancer in another part of the body spreads to the brain.
Though all brain tumors are different, the American Cancer Society lists the following general symptoms:
- Blurred vision
- Changes in behavior or personality
The location of a brain tumor can impact its symptoms. For example, tumors near the part of the brain responsible for language may cause problems with speech or difficulty understanding others. A tumor near the area of the brain responsible for coordination may present as difficulty walking, problems swallowing, or trouble with fine motor skills.
Any signs of a brain tumor should be taken seriously. If you believe you or someone you love is exhibiting signs and symptoms of a brain tumor, you should consult a doctor to seek a diagnosis and develop a course of treatment.
About Brain Tumors and Brain Hemorrhaging
Bleeding of the brain is a serious complication of some brain tumors. Bleeding of the brain, or a brain hemorrhage, can lead to a hemorrhagic stroke, which happens when a blood vessel ruptures in the brain. This bleeding causes pressure inside the brain, which can kill healthy brain tissue surrounding the hemorrhage.
According to the American Stroke Association, hemorrhagic strokes account for about 13 percent of all strokes, and can occur both inside the brain (intracerebral) and between the brain and its surrounding tissue (subarachnoid). Strokes caused by brain tumors are associated with intracerebral hemorrhaging.
Glioblastomas and metastatic brain tumors are the likeliest type of tumor to cause a hemorrhagic stroke. Mayo Clinic describes glioblastomas as a type of tumor originating in the brain or spinal column. Glioblastomas are more common in older adults.
Metastatic tumors are caused by other types of cancer that travel through the body. Though all types of cancer can spread to the brain, melanoma, breast cancer, lung, kidney, and colon cancer more commonly result in metastatic brain tumors.
Treatment and Outcomes
Intracranial bleeding can be treated, typically with surgery to remove the brain tumor and brain bleed. However, this type of treatment is significantly less successful if a patient already suffered a hemorrhagic stroke.
A study in the journal Cancer Research and Treatment found that the average survival rate of patients who receive treatment for intracranial bleeding following a stroke is 11.7 months from the time of surgery.
According to a study published on the National Center for Biotechnology Information website, intracerebral brain tumors often are malignant, and this is true for glioblastomas and metastatic tumors. The outcomes for brain bleeds caused by these tumors is not favorable. However, the study found that some benign tumors are associated with bleeding of the brain. These include pituitary adenoma, meningioma and hemangioblastoma, and have better survival rates if the hemorrhaging is discovered early.
Sometimes, high blood pressure, or hypertension, is misdiagnosed as the cause of hemorrhagic stroke. A computed tomography (CT) scan can confirm whether a tumor is present and is the cause of bleeding of the brain.
Clearly, early detection of intracranial bleeding is critical. Signs and symptoms of bleeding of the brain include vomiting, nausea, dizziness, confusion, and slurred speech, according to Mayo Clinic. As the brain bleed worsens, drowsiness, seizures, and unconsciousness may occur. If you believe you or someone around you is experiencing an intracranial hemorrhage, it is important to seek help immediately. Bleeding of the brain is a serious condition, and hemorrhagic strokes can be fatal.
Pintas & Mullins Law Firm Is Here to Help
Patients who are diagnosed with a brain tumor require complex care. When you entrust your loved one to a nursing home facility, you are putting your faith in their staff to monitor the health or your loved one.
Often, patients with a brain tumor already are facing a life-threatening diagnosis, even without the potential complications of a brain hemorrhage of hemorrhagic stroke. According to a study in the journal Neuro-Oncology Practice, many brain cancer patients do not receive adequate end-of-life care.
If your loved one experienced a brain hemorrhage or hemorrhagic stroke while in a nursing home facility, the negligence of the nursing home or its staff possibly contributed to your loved one’s suffering.