Four Types of Mesothelioma
Insight from Nationwide Mesothelioma Lawyers in Chicago
Mesothelioma is an aggressive, malignant cancer that occurs in the mesothelium-the thin layer that surrounds most internal organs. There are four types of mesothelioma. The different types refer to the particular areas of the mesothelium that are affected.
Mesothelioma exists largely because construction and asbestos industries made profit a priority over public health. Their disregard means that this preventable disease – once considered a rare condition – devastates 3,000 Americans every year.
Our mesothelioma attorneys at Pintas & Mullins Law Firm represent those impacted by this disease in all 50 states. We can travel to you, so do not hesitate to reach us at (800) 794-0444.
The most common type, pleural mesothelioma strikes the lining of the lungs, called the pleura. This cancer diminishes the lungs' air capacity and normal contraction and expansion functions. Nearly 75% of all mesothelioma cases are pleural.
Pleural mesothelioma is often mistaken for other pulmonary illnesses, such as the common cold, pneumonia, influenza, or injured ribs. This leads to a delay in diagnosis and a poor prognosis for most patients. Fortunately, now more than ever, there are specialized treatment methods available to improve the length and quality of life for victims.
Symptoms of pleural mesothelioma include:
- Chest, rib, or lower back pain
- Shortness of breath or painful breathing
- Lumps under chest skin
- Persistent, dry, bloody, or raspy cough
- Difficulty swallowing
The second most common type, accounting for roughly 20% of cases, is peritoneal mesothelioma. This condition afflicts the peritoneum - the lining of the abdominal cavity and gastrointestinal tract - often resulting in cancer in the stomach and intestines. Like all mesotheliomas, peritoneal mesothelioma develops from asbestos particles. Asbestos triggers cancerous mutation among, generating malignant tumors.
These tumors interfere with the functioning of the stomach, liver, and other vital abdominal organs, leading to an inability to digest food.
Common symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma include:
- Pain/swelling in the abdomen
- Bowel issues
- Breathing difficulty
- Blood clotting
- Loss of appetite
- Chest pains
Pericardial mesothelioma affects the pericardium, or the thin lining around the heart. It is rarer than pleural or peritoneal forms, but it is also more dangerous. Once found, it is often too late for treatment, and even when detected early few treatment methods exist. The most common treatment is radiation therapy. Pericardial mesothelioma affects two-times more men than women.
Symptoms of pericardial mesothelioma include:
- Heart palpitations
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pains
- Irregular heartbeat
Fewer than 100 cases of the rarest type of malignant mesothelioma, testicular mesothelioma, have been reported. Unfortunately, this means that there are no common symptoms reported across these cases. Diagnosis often occurs following the discovery of lumps on the testicles and swelling of the scrotum.
Surgery is typically performed to remove the cancerous tissue. Victims may also undergo chemotherapy and radiation therapy to reduce or eliminate the remaining disease, although in many cases the mesothelioma is deeply entrenched in the tissue and cannot be completely removed.
Early Detection of Mesothelioma Is Important
While there is no cure for mesothelioma, early detection provides quicker treatment and disease management, as well as the greatest chance at a high quality of life. It is important to alert your doctor to any known asbestos exposure, especially if you have worked in a high-risk industry or profession.
Contact an Illinois Lung Cancer Attorney at Our Firm Now
Our 24-hour call-in line will help start your case. All cases begin with a free initial consultation and are handled on a contingency fee basis, so we only get paid if we recover compensation. To get started now on your mesothelioma case with an Illinois lung cancer lawyer serving clients nationwide, call us at (800) 794-0444. We handle cases across the United States and travel to represent our clients.